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Case Report

Linear scleroderma ‘en coup de sabre’ with ptosis and oculomotility disorders: case report and review of the literature

Authors:

Claire Taylor ,

Orthoptic Department, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent
About Claire
BSc (Hons)
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Melanie Riley,

Orthoptic Department, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent
About Melanie
BSc (Hons)
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Jeremy Bowyer

Orthoptic Department, University Hospital of North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent
About Jeremy
BM FRCOphth
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Abstract

Aim: To present a case of linear scleroderma (LS) involving the extraocular muscles and periorbita with follow-up over an 18-year period.

Method: Initial presentation was of a female aged 9 years with progressive left unilateral ptosis which ultimately underwent surgical correction.

Results: The main features of ‘en coup de sabre’ subsequently manifested on the left side of the face and head. An unusual feature was the characteristic subcutaneous cleft which also appeared on the opposite side above the right eyebrow. The left eye went on to develop a corneal ulcer with resulting poor visual acuity. An ipsilateral oculomotility disorder was then noted in addition to poor eyelid closure.

Conclusion: This case highlights the need to exclude ‘en coup de sabre’ as a potential differential diagnosis in any case of progressive or recurrent ptosis, especially in childhood. As oculomotility may also be affected ultimately, it could lead to corneal compromise following ptosis correction.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.22599/bioj.31
How to Cite: Taylor, C., Riley, M. & Bowyer, J., (2010). Linear scleroderma ‘en coup de sabre’ with ptosis and oculomotility disorders: case report and review of the literature . British and Irish Orthoptic Journal . 7 , pp . 72–76 . DOI: http://doi.org/10.22599/bioj.31
Published on 01 Aug 2010.
Peer Reviewed

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