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Ocular motility disturbances in multiple sclerosis

Authors:

Nicola Morris ,

Orthoptic Department, Wrexham Maelor Hospital, Croesnewydd Road, Wrexham LL13 7TD, GB
About Nicola

BSc (Hons)

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Fiona J. Rowe

University of Liverpool, Liverpool, GB
About Fiona J.

PhD DBO

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Abstract

Aim: To review the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis and the resultant ocular motility impair­ment.

Methods: A literature review was undertaken to ascertain potential ocular motility involvement in cases of multiple sclerosis. This involved a Medline and manual search of relevant journals and transac­tions.

Results: This review provides background informa­tion on the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis, environmental and genetic factors, ocular motility disturbances at the cortical, cerebellar and brainstem level, and mechanisms of remyelination and rele­vance to recovery.

Conclusions: This is a practical review of common and uncommon ocular motility disturbances that arise from multiple sclerosis. Recovery relates to inflammatory changes and the remyelination process of damaged nerve axons.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22599/bioj.209
How to Cite: Morris, N. and Rowe, F.J., 2007. Ocular motility disturbances in multiple sclerosis. British and Irish Orthoptic Journal, 4, pp.31–36. DOI: http://doi.org/10.22599/bioj.209
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Published on 01 Jan 2007.
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