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Visual perception and visual dysfunction in autistic spectrum disorder: a literature review

Authors:

Elizabeth Milne ,

Department of Psychology, Western Bank, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S10 2TP, GB
About Elizabeth

PhD

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Helen J. Griffiths

Academic Unit of Ophthalmology and Orthoptics, University of Sheffield, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, GB
About Helen J.

PhD DBO

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Abstract

Aim: To describe autistic spectrum disorder (ASI)), and to review the evidence for associated visual dysfunction in the disorder.

Method: An initial literature search was performed using Web of Science with the key words: autism and sensory; autism and vision; autism and visual; and autism and oculomotor. Papers which reported investigation of basic vision in autism were obtained, and any additional references listed in these articles that referred to other relevant data but did not emerge from the original search were followed up.

Results: There is evidence that basic visual function may be affected in individuals with ASD. However, the mixed nature and limited number of empirical studies conducted make it difficult to draw clear conclusions as to specific deficits and areas of spared visual function in ASD.

Conclusion: It is likely that patients with ASD may present to the orthoptic department. Specific vision screening of this population may be indicated, and further study based on large well-defined samples would be of significant value.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22599/bioj.206
How to Cite: Milne, E. and Griffiths, H.J., 2007. Visual perception and visual dysfunction in autistic spectrum disorder: a literature review. British and Irish Orthoptic Journal, 4, pp.15–20. DOI: http://doi.org/10.22599/bioj.206
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Published on 01 Jan 2007.
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