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Original article

Is the prevalence and level of astigmatism different in indigenous Bangladeshi children compared with first-generation children of Bangladeshi origin born in the United Kingdom?

Author:

Fatima Mangera

Orthoptic Department, Charing Cross Hospital, London
About Fatima
MMedSci (Orthoptics) BSc
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Abstract

Aim: To compare the prevalence and level of astigmatism in indigenous Bangladeshi, first-generation British-Bangladeshi and indigenous white British children.

Method: Indigenous Bangladeshi, first-generation British-Bangladeshi and indigenous white British children, aged 6–10 years, were recruited from within six London primary schools in the borough of Tower Hamlets. Each child’s refractive error was measured using the Plusoptix autorefractor without cycloplegia. Three readings were taken for each child and averaged to give the mean value for astigmatism.

Results: One hundred and thirty-eight (12.8%) positive responses were received in total. Of these, 80 (57%) children fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Fifty-eight (42%) children were rejected because full parental consent was not given for 15 children, 32 children did not fulfil the strict ethnic criteria of the study and 11 children were not within the age range of the study. Eighteen children who fulfilled the criteria were absent from school on the day of testing. In total 62 (45%) children were tested. Analysis showed there was no significant difference in the amount of astigmatism for the right eye (x2 = 2.306, d.f. = 2, p = 0.316) or left eye (x2 = 2.935, d.f. = 2, p = 0.231) across the three groups.

Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the amount of astigmatism for the right and left eye between indigenous Bangladeshi, first-generation British-Bangladeshi and white-British children aged 6–10 years old. However, due to the small number of children recruited there was limited power to detect any significant differences in the findings.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22599/bioj.12
How to Cite: Mangera, F., 2009. Is the prevalence and level of astigmatism different in indigenous Bangladeshi children compared with first-generation children of Bangladeshi origin born in the United Kingdom?. British and Irish Orthoptic Journal, 6, pp.65–70. DOI: http://doi.org/10.22599/bioj.12
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Published on 01 Aug 2009.
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